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Front Axle

Front Axle

Types of VW Beetle Front Suspension

There are THREE different kinds of front suspension fitted to the Beetle: two earlier types that use a torsion bar beam, and the third – fitted only to 1302/1303 models - that uses a ‘strut’ assembly instead. Below is a brief breakdown of the different types of Volkswagen Beetle suspension:

King and Link Pin - used up until August 1965

This beam consists of a pair of axle tubes, each housing torsion bars to which the trailing arms are attached. The trailing arms then support the stub axles by means of ‘king and link pin’ assemblies. If your shock absorber ‘towers’ (the vertical legs at the ends of the axle tubes) are straight, then you have a king and link pin model.

Balljoint - used from September 1965 onwards (but not on 1302/1303)

This beam also consists of a pair of axle tubes, housing torsion bars to which the trailing arms are attached. But on these models the trailing arm support a stub axle by means of a pair of ‘balljoints’. If your shock absorber ‘towers’ (the vertical legs at the ends of the axle tubes) are angled outwards at top, then you have a balljoint model.

MacPherson Strut - used on 1302 and 1303 (Superbeetles) only

There is no main beam.

Instead each stub axle is connected directly to an independent ‘strut’ (a sort of glorified coil-over shock) and balanced by control arms that mount to the chassis. If your spare wheel is mounted flat (horizontally) under your bonnet then you have a MacPherson strut model.

Of courseVolks shop stock an extensive range of parts for all three types of VW Beetle front suspension, including beams, shock absorbers, trailing arms and stub axles… plus of course the balljoints, king and link pins, and MacPherson struts! Not to mention a great selection of performance and styling parts, including lowered shocks, adjustable struts and long travel balljoints. And remember, if you have a query about your VW Beetle suspension – or if you can’t find the part you require – just click on the ‘live chat’ button 

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